Uhlaziyo: Siqala ukushicilela izixhobo ezisebenzayo ezinxulumene nolu hlobo lwendlela. Unokuzikhuphelela eyokuqala mahala apha.

Inxalenye enkulu yabemi ngoku isebenzisa i-WhatsApp kunxibelelwano lwayo lwemihla ngemihla. Ngaba le app iluncedo kakhulu ikwasetyenziselwa ukuphucula unxibelelwano kubantu abane-aphasia? Kweli nqaku siza kukuxelela ukuba kutheni, ngokoluvo lwethu, kunokuba njalo.

Izifundo

Kule minyaka imbalwa idlulileyo bekukho ezimbini i Zifundo ze zifundo ngubani obesebenzisa imiyalezo ngokucacileyo ngaphakathi kwezonyango ze-aphasia: Ukubhala kunyango lwe-Aphasia Indlela yokubhaliweyo (nge-Rising et al, 2013) e Indlela elungelelanisiweyo yokuqeqesha imiyalezo ekuloo mntu une-aphasia (Beeson et al., 2018). Kuzo zozibini ezi zifundo, izifundo bezenzile uqeqesho lwangaphambili lokuphucula ukubhala ngesandla yamagama afanayo ngokwendlela ebizwa ngokuba yi-CART (Khuphela kwaye ukhumbule unyango, i-Beeson 1999) equlathe ukuqinisa imbonakalo ye-orthographic ngokusebenzisa ikopi kunye nokukhumbula imisebenzi enxulumene nolwazi lwe-semantic (ngakumbi imifanekiso) ebonelelweyo.


Kwisifundo sika-2013, isigulana sanyangwa iiyure ezili-15 zonyango olungaphandle kunye neeyure ezili-15 zomsebenzi wasekhaya kwiveki ye-9. Isigulana sabonisa uphuculo olubalulekileyo omabini amagama apelwe ngesandla (i-CART) nakulawo abhalwe kwiifowuni eziphathwayo (T-CART). Kwiinyanga ezingama-22 zokulandela, ukusebenza bekusekuhle, kodwa kungcono kancinci kumagama abhalwe ngesandla (ukubhala ngesandla kunokwenzeka ukunceda ukuqinisa upelo ngaphezulu kokuchwetheza). Nangona kunjalo, eyona nto ibalulekileyo yayikukuqhubekeka kokusebenzisa isigulana iifowuni kunye nokuthumela imiyalezo kunxibelelwano olukude nosapho kunye nabahlobo.

Unganomdla kwi: I-aphasia esekhompyutheni kunye nokuhlaziywa komnxeba. Umdibaniso woqeqesho lokuqonda kunye noqeqesho lolwimi

Kwisifundo sika-2018, kwenziwa inzame zokuphakamisa a indlela eyakhiwe ngakumbi kwaye okona kubaluleke kakhulu, ukwazi ukuya ngaphaya kokubhala igama elinye. Isigulana silandela indlela yamanyathelo amathathu:

  1. Ukusetyenziswa esisiseko kwefowuni ephathekayo kunye nokubhala kwamagama awodwa (iiseshini ezili-16 nge-1h, ngaphezulu kweeveki ezili-12)
  2. Ukubhala izivakalisi ngotshintshiselwano olubhaliweyo oluchaziweyo lwentsingiselo (iiyure eziyi-9 kwiiveki ezi-8)
  3. Ulwandiso kunye ngokubanzi: iimpendulo ezingachazwanga kunye nokusetyenziswa kwezivakalisi ezitsha ukuqala incoko (iiyure ezili-10 kwiiveki ezi-5)

benefits

Zithini izibonelelo zendlela enjalo?

  • Abantu abaninzi ngakumbi basebenzisa i-smartphone neenkqubo zokulungisa amagama; Oku kuyakwenza ukuba kupheliswe okanye kuncitshiswe izigaba zoqeqesho zokuqala zokusetyenziswa kwesithuthi esikhoyo ngoku kubraki
  • Ukuphindaphindwa kweendlela Ukusebenziseka: inqaku lelizwi, isicatshulwa, i-emoticon, iifoto (jonga ngezantsi)
  • Ukuchwetheza kuhlala kulula ukubhala ngesandla, kuba akuyomfuneko ukukhumbula unobumba ophuma kwinkumbulo yomntu, kodwa ukuyifumana kwi-keyboard; naphaya inkumbulo yemoto Ukuchwetheza kunokunceda ukuqamba igama ngokukhawuleza (cinga, umzekelo, igama "elilungileyo" elifuna intshukumo ephindwe kabini kunye nokwahluka kancinci)
  • Xa kuthelekiswa nokubhala kwiqhosha, elikwifowuni ephathekayo ihlala ifuna isandla esinye (ukwenza lula kwiimeko ze-hemiplegia / hemiparesis)
  • Ukusetyenziswa kwe concealer kunye Ithiphu yokuchwetheza kunganciphisa kakhulu ukukhathala kokubhala

Yintoni ekufuneka uyenze ngokuqonda

Ukusuka kwindawo yokujonga ye I-comprensione Ungathumela imiyalezo ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo:

  • Inqaku elisemagxeni: liluncedo ngokukodwa xa umntu ophasic enengxaki yokufunda, kodwa eyiqonda kakuhle intetho
  • Emoticons: inokusetyenziswa yodwa (ukuba ichaza ngokwaneleyo) okanye ngokunxulumana nombhalo obhaliweyo ukwandisa umyalezo
  • Isicatshulwa: inokufundwa (ukuba ubungakanani bentsalela ikhona) yodwa okanye udibanise iimvakalelo, okanye inokuthelekiswa netafile enesihloko se-aphasic
  • Ifoto: ingathunyelwa njengempendulo kwimeko yokuba umxholo we-aphasic ukufumanisa kunzima kakhulu ukuwuqonda kakuhle umbhalo obhaliweyo kunye nesivakalisi esishiywe ngenqaku
Unganomdla kwi: Ukunyanga i-ADHD "ngemidlalo yevidiyo"

Yintoni ekufuneka uyenze kwimveliso

Ukusuka kwindawo yokujonga ye production Ungathumela imiyalezo ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo:

  • Inqaku lezwi: ngalo lonke ixesha kunokwenzeka, okungenani ngamagama okanye izivakalisi ezifutshane
  • I-Emoticons: kukuvumela ukuba ushwankathele umxholo kumfanekiso omnye okanye engaphezulu (umz. Isixhobo sokubonisa ubushushu okanye ubushushu obunomsindo)
  • Isicatshulwa: Unokuveliswa kwikopi (umzekelo usebenzisa iitafile ezinamagama alungiselelwe ukwenziwa) okanye uvele ngokuzenzekelayo ngokuvuselela imeko okanye ukwakheka kwegama; ungasisebenzisa isindululo ukunciphisa umzamo wokubhala igama lonke.
  • Ifoto: inokuba luncedo ukubonisa, umzekelo, ingxaki (umz. Ivasi iwile emhlabeni)

Criticality

Ezona ziphambili criticality wafumana inkxalabo:

  • Isigaba soqeqesho esingaphezulu okanye esingaphantsi kunexesha elide kwabo babenengxaki encinci okanye bengakhange baboniswe kwizixhobo zedijithali
  • Ubunzima bokuqala bokuchonga oonobumba abanobume obahlukileyo kwikhibhodi kunobumba
  • Umbono ojikeleze, ubunzima bezithuthi okanye zokunxibelelanisa okunokubambezela ukufunda nokubhala ngokufanelekileyo

Iziphelo

Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, ubungqina kuphela obufumanekayo buchaphazela izifundo ezilula kodwa, kwelinye icala, inani leendlela zonxibelelwano ezenziwa zafunyanwa ziitekhnoloji ezintsha (isicatshulwa, ii-icon, iaudiyo, iifoto), kwelinye, ixabiso "lendalo" lolu hlobo lwendlela ( abantu bahlala besebenzisa i-WhatsApp ukunxibelelana kwaye baphucule ubuchule babo bokwenza oko banokuba neziphumo ezibalulekileyo kumgangatho wobomi babo) kukhokelela kuthi ukucinga ukuba ukuvuselelwa kokubhala kwiifowuni ze-smartphones kuya kuba nesisindo esibalulekileyo kungekudala.

Isenokuba nomdla kuwe

I-Beeson PM, iHigginson K, i-Rising K., Ukubhala unyango lwe-aphasia: indlela yokuthumela imiyalezo, J Iintetho Zivakala Phulaphula. 2013 Jun;56(3):945-55. doi: 10.1044/1092-4388(2012/11-0360).

Unganomdla kwi: I-Aphasia: ukwakhiwa kwesivakalisi (icandelo 2: ukuvuselelwa)

I-Mira Fein, i-Chelsea Bayley, I-Kindle Rising & Pélagie M. Beeson (2020) Indlela elungelelanisiweyo yokuqeqesha imiyalezo kwilwimi lomntu one-aphasia, I-Aphasiology, 34: 1, 102-118, INGXELO: 10.1080 / 02687038.2018.1562150

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